10 MINUTES OF ENGLISH
A visit to New York
Melting pot had a big influence on: ethnicity in films, immigrants’ successes in Olympic Games, change in hawaiian racial policy.
Melting Pot process in other parts of the world: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia,Israel,Russia,
USA- world’s biggest melting pot
by Michał Maj
What is melting pot? It’s a metaphor used to describe the process of mixingculture of different races or nationalities. Consequently, they become one harmonious society.
The term has been used since the XVIII century, but the actual name was brought to us in 1908 by Israel Zangwill with his play called ’The Melting Pot’, which was the adaptation of Shakespeare’s ‘Romeo and Juliet’ set in New York City. It describes also a tool used in steel mill to mix different metals.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, European immigration to the United States became increasingly diverse and increased substantially in numbers.People of race different than white were separated from the rest of society, until they were guaranteed equal rights.
After the death of Shakespeare’s daughter and son no one really knew what was happening with him for next seven years.
In 1598, he took part in the performance for the first time and obviously we can say that his career as a poet, dramatist, playwright and actor started at this point.
by Olga Jagła-Izdebska
William Shakespeare, also known as the "Bard of Avon” or “Swan of Avon” was born on 23rd in April 1564 and died on 23rd April, 1616. This very special nickname refers to the small English village that he used to spent his childhood in –Stratford-upon-Avon. Shakespeare was educated at the King's New School in Stratford where he learned Latin, history, ancient literature and rhetoric.At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway. They had three children.
William Shakespeare is said to be one of the greatest writers of English literature and theater reformers. He was one of the few playwrights who successfully created both comedies and tragedies. Shakespeare used to write mostly plays and sonnets. He was well-known and very popular already during his life. However, he was really appreciated only after his death. He is an author of a Hamlet’sopening phrase– ‘To be, or not to be’.William Shakespeare is a father of an English Renaissance drama which was staged in a specially prepared theater. It had the shape of a circle in the middle of which there was a stage where actors were doing their job. Lower social layer was gathering around that platform and richer people were sitting on special covered balconies. What’s more, audience was able tointeract with people acting on the stage, which would be a ridiculous thing right now! “The Globe” was the first ever theater of this type and it wasopened in autumn 1599, with “Julius Caesar”.
In my opinion Shakespeare’s plays are full of drama but also romance. He did really well with mixing those two completely different kinds of literature. He created an amazing hybrid that in the past was something completely new and undiscovered. William Shakespeare was a brilliant example of a 17th century literature genius.
One of the most known and popular Shakespeare’s tragic romance is “Romeo and Juliet” written early in his career. The play is set in Verona, Italy. It tells a story about two young people falling in love witch each other. Unfortunately their families are in toxic relationship which caused a death of both of the lovers. The plot of the drama is very tricky and mysterious. There’s also a bunch of tragic irony for example at the same moment when Juliet woke up from her amnesia, Romeo decided to kill himself. The play itself is really interesting and addictive but mostly addressed for the older recipients because of the difficulty of the language it was written in. He also wrote tragedies such as Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and Macbeth.
Statue of Liberty
This statue was built as a gift from France to the US as a reminder of alliance between these two countries. The Statue of Liberty is a figure of a robed woman representing Libertas, a Roman liberty goddess - also incorporating some elements reminiscent of another Roman deity, Sol Invictus. She holds a torch above her head with her right hand, and in her left hand carries a tabula ansata inscribed in Roman numerals with July 4, 1776, the date of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
New York City is also called as Big apple or just New York. It has the biggest population in the whole USA. It’s located in the southern part of the state New York. It’s is called ’The city that never sleeps’. Every year about 50mln tourists visits New York. The city has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, and sports.
A VISIT TO NEW YORK
by Kalina Mozul
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954. The island was greatly expanded with land reclamation between 1892 and 1934. Before that, the much smaller original island was the site of Fort Gibson and later a naval magazine. The island was made part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965 and has hosted a museum of immigration since 1990.
A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue became an icon of freedom and of the United States, and was a welcoming sight to immigrants arriving from abroad.
Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue. Times Square is sometimes referred to as "The Crossroads of the World", "The Center of the Universe", "the heart of The Great White Way", and the "heart of the world”. It’s one of the world's busiest pedestrian areas, it is also the hub of the Broadway Theater District and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. Times Square is one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually. Approximately 330,000 people pass through Times Square daily.
Broadway theatre, commonly known as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances presented in the 41 professional theatres with 500 or more seats located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Along with London's West End theatre, Broadway theatre is widely considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world.
In Big Apple there are a lot more attractions, tourist resorts and interesting places to visit. If you want to find out more of them, New York City is waiting for you!
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ANSWER THE QUESTIONS!
1. Where and when exactly was the Declaration of Independence signed?
2. Donald Trump, the ...(number) president of the USA, is a member of ......... Party.
3. Where is Mount Rushmore? (state)
4. Who is presented on one hundred-dollar bill?
5. Harvard University is in ........................... (city), ......... (state).
6. What is the name of a natural region of tropical wet lands in the southern portion of Florida?
7. How many states joined the first Union of states between 1777 and 1781?
8. Name the districts of New York.
9. What is the current name of the highest mountain in the USA?
10. Who served as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War?
11. What is the common name of the United States Military Academy?
12. What is the name of a water route from New York City and the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes?
13. The USA received the Statue of Liberty from ................................. in .................. (year).
14. Mount Rushmore features sculptures of the heads of four United States presidents: 1............................,2. ........................., 3.............................., 4...........................
15. Grand Central Terminal (also known as Grand Central Station) is in ........ (city).
16. .......... was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement, well known for his unique style of drip painting.
17. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York was designed by...
18. What is the name of a famous baseball team from Boston?
19. Hollywood is a neighbourhood of ..... (city).
20. Silicon Valley is in ...... (state). It is famous for being the home to many of the world's largest ....