Marie Waskow Ballot
Board Meeting Highlights
Board of Directors
Sonoma County Orchid Society
in this issue
Oda (Shelley 'Spring Dress" x Prince Vultan)
Tuesday, November 12th. Doors open at 6:30pm, meeting begins at 7:00pm. Santa Rosa Veterans Memorial Building, 1351 Maple Ave, Santa Rosa
Jonathan Robbins presents "Asking the Right Questions To Be Your Own Orchid Expert"
He will discuss many of the major issues facing orchid growers including: light, watering & water quality, potting media, container choice, fertilizers, pests and diseases.
Vetting the over-abundance of information in the internet age. He will talk us through ways to look at our plants, and with a little observation and research, figure out for ourselves the best ways to grow our plants according to our individual conditions. He will also give some strategies to tell which advice to listen to and which might be better ignored.
Jonathan first became interested in orchids in 1994 during a horticultural internship at the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens in Sarasota, Florida. The internship turned into a full-time job and he worked there for several years learning about all sorts of tropical epiphytes. He went on to move around the country over the years but always had a greenhouse full of orchids. He’s grown them in hot, wet Southern Florida; the cold, wet Pacific Northwest; and the hot, dry California Central Valley. This has given him experience with the challenges of growing in widely varied conditions. He went on to buy Calwest Tropical Supply (now Flori-Culture: Orchid & Specialty Growing Supplies) in 2014 and relocated it to Carmichael, CA. He added a small specialty nursery to compliment the supplies they have always carried.
Speaker's Dinner: Join us for dinner with Jonathan at Kirin, 2700 Yulupa Ave, Santa Rosa on Tuesday the 12th at 5 pm. Please RSVP by 5pm on 11/11.
A California Non-Profit 501(c)(3) Corporation
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I suspect that attendance at our last meeting was small due to the foreboding PG&E shut off, but for those who attended, it turned out to be a wonderful presentation. For those who lost their power, I hope you got through it with some good friends a glass of wine by candlelight. Many thanks to Dave Sorokowsky who spoke about specialty phaphiopedilums and how the outstanding new hybrids were developed. The new color combinations and their outstanding features were highlighted. Thanks also to our members who brought in a good selection of blooming orchids for “show and tell”. The excellence of the flowers displayed is a testament to the skill of our members.
Many thanks to Earl and Kathy Rathbun who opened up their beautiful home and greenhouse to show us a beautiful selection of cattleya and other related genera. The wine and snacks were appreciated along with the good company. Here is a link to the pictures - https://photos.app.goo.gl/DajuYdTrDLMKb6yW6.
Plans for the spring show are solidifying. The theme is Orchid Exploration. Special thanks to everyone who signed up to head their area of expertise. We are still looking for people to run publicity, the SCOS display, and pasta party. We still need lots and lots of volunteers! I am putting a special call out to new members who want to participate, please let me or Ann Possinger, our volunteer coordinator, know and we would love to match you with a mentor. It’s a great way to get introduced to a new friend and contribute to the Society.
One last thing, I’d love to see everyone at our holiday party on December 10th which is our regular meeting night. Thank you Billie MacCarthy for organizing the party again this year. Can we get together and car pool? Let’s save some gas, ease the worries of our members who don’t want to drive at night, and make sure everyone can come who wants to. Please sign up! See flyer on page 4.
Membership Dues were due July 1st
The $25 membership dues are renewed each July. If you have not paid for 2019-2020 year by 11/1/19, your membership will lapse. We accept cash, check or credit card at the general meeting. See Billie MacCarthy at the membership table. Forgot cash or your checkbook? No worries... simply renew online using a credit card or PayPal. Visit the ONLINE MEMBERSHIP RENEWAL page on our website. It's quick, easy and secure!
Help new members learn your name (or us folks who just have a hard time remembering!) Please wear your name badge or stop by the membership table to make a paper name tag. Email Billie at Membership@SonomaOrchids.com if you want a permanent badge.
Have an announcement? Personal story regarding your trials and tribulations growing orchids? Send it to us before the 23rd of the month and we will add it to the newsletter as space allows. Newsletter@SonomaOrchids.com
Want to WIN a free raffle ticket? Bring a refreshment to share! Let the folks at the opportunity table know when you bring a refreshment to receive a raffle ticket for a special drawing. Winner gets first choice from the opportunity table as a Thank You.
Refreshments are based on the first letter of your last name so check the calendar below for the monthly meeting that corresponds with your last name.
Please consider bringing a snack even when "it is not your turn". The more goodies, the better! PLUS you still receive a free raffle ticket and who doesn't want that!
2019 Refreshment Calendar
T - Z
A - B
C - De
Di - Fo
Fr - H
J - Le
Li - M
N - R
SCOS Member's page
Each year members of our Society vote to honor a member who has given outstanding service to the Sonoma County Orchid Society. This is for an individual or couple who exemplify the ideals of generosity and service to the organization in spreading the joy of growing orchids as practiced by Marie Waskow, a founding member of our Society. The Award will be presented at the Holiday Party. Previous members can receive the award again. Past recipients of the award are:
1988 Harold Levenson 2004 Patty Connick
1989 Yosh & Shiz Sugioka 2005 Susan Anderson
1990 Austin & Judy Carney 2006 Garry Baker
1991 Jim Hamilton 2007 Linda Eggleston
1992 Lowman Whittenburg 2008 Jim & Kris Foster
1993 Robert & Claudia Pike 2009 Ted Pruden
1994 Kevin Smith 2010 Jerry & Gerry Smith
1995 Earl Rathbun 2011 Larry Mead
1996 Marilyn Bucher 2012 Kathie Hile
1997 Marilyn Daily 2013 Lynne Murrell
1998 Mitch & Gail McAlpin 2014 Becky Jackson
1999 Sam & Juanita Spencer 2015 Ann Possinger
2000 Jim Kennedy 2016 Jeanne VanBlarcom
2001 Jim Butts 2017 Robyn Chosy
2002 Bob & Juanita Breckwoldt 2018 Billie MacCarthy
2003 Paul Matsushita 2019 ?????
2019 ballot - Marie Waskow Award
My Vote for the 2019 Marie Waskow Award is:
Remember, ALL members can vote for this honor, not just one vote per household.
Votes can be cast by:
Dropping in the Ballot Box at the November General Meeting
Email the name of your candidate to MarieWaskow@SonomaOrchids.com by noon, November 11th
Mail your ballot to SCOS P.O. Box 11195, Santa Rosa, CA 95406 to be received by November 8th
All ballots must be received by November 12th in order to be counted. The award will be presented at the Holiday Party on December 10th.
MARIE WASKOW AWARD
NOTES from the AOS FALL MEETING in Florida Oct 18-20 (Thank you, Nancy McClellan)
- Following a successful membership drive, AOS membership is at 10,498 members.
- A Librarian has been hired for the Fairchild Library.
- The nominating committee proposed the slate of officers for the next term. Susan Wedegaertner and her slate will step down following the Spring 2020 meeting, and the newly elected officers and Board will take up the reins at that time. Watch for your ballot.
- The annual audit of AOS’ financials found no significant problems or issues. Good news.
AOS’ new Orchid Pro has been launched and is included with your membership. It is web-based, so no downloads or software. And it can be accessed from your IPhone, Mac, anywhere you access the internet. OrchidPro is an easy to use online orchid program, with access to over 95,000 photos of award-winning orchids, plus exclusive award data, and in-depth genealogy (family trees, progeny, species makeup, parents etc.) IT is already working on future releases of OrchidPro, which promise to be more robust, and to include non-awards photos and data, and other features requested by AOS’ member community.
The AOS Spring 2020 Members’ Meeting will be held at the Embassy Suites in downtown Sacramento, hosted by the California Sierra Nevada Judging Center, April 16-20, 2020. Be sure to save the dates! You’ll hear lots more about this in January.
Spring 2021 will celebrate AOS’ Centennial, with a huge celebration at the new Biltmore Hotel in
Coral Gables, Florida. Mark your calendars for April 8 & 9, 2021. Work is progressing on a centennial book, a historical record of AOS’ first 100 years. And a new seedling cross will be introduced to commemorate the centennial.
transitive verb: CULTIVATE, to grow in a prepared medium
For The Novice - Why Orchids Need a Drop in Nighttime Temperature
By Sue Bottom
Have you ever wondered why all the books say that many orchids need a 10 to 20 F (about 5.5–11 C) drop in temperature from day to night? Lower nighttime temperatures are critical for good growth and flowering because there must be a proper balance between photosynthesis and respiration for a plant to grow and bloom well.
ORCHIDS BY DAY During the day, your plants are busy:
• Making Food. Your plants are busy using solar energy in a process called photosynthesis. Light is absorbed by the chlorophyll in the chloroplasts and the carbon dioxide absorbed by the plant is converted into chemical energy in the form of sugars and starches.
• Using Food. Your plants consume their energy reserves in a process known as respiration. The food reserves of sugars and starches are used to maintain existing tissue as well as produce new growths, flowers and seeds.
By Lynne Murrell
CULTURE CONNECTION continued
ORCHIDS BY NIGHT At night, photosynthesis stops but growth and respiration continue drawing on the energy reserves created during the day. Respiration occurs more quickly at higher temperatures than at lower temperatures. At lower temperatures, it is possible for the energy consumption to be less than energy production, allowing the plant to store energy for future use, including flowering. If night temperatures are too high, food is used faster than it can be made so growth is poor and orchids do not flower or they flower poorly.
PROVIDING LOWER NIGHTTIME TEMPERATURES Providing cooler nighttime temperatures can be problematic if you are growing indoors in a climate-controlled environment. Perhaps the best alternative is a programmable thermostat or manually turning the thermostat down at night. Orchids growing by a bright window will be a few degrees warmer during the day from solar gain and orchids growing by an open window may be a few degrees cooler at night in winter. Where possible, you can provide lower nighttime temperatures if you grow your orchids outdoors or on a screened porch during the warm season.
FLOWER INDUCTION BY NIGHTTIME CHILLING Many orchids require a significant day–night temperature difference to induce flowering. Winter-blooming phalaenopsis require a 15 F (8.3 C) drop in nighttime temperature for two or three weeks to initiate their flower spikes. Cymbidiums and dendrobiums can require an even larger temperature difference. Dendrobium crumenatum is an interesting species that opens all its blooms simultaneously eight or nine days after a thunderstorm; some believe this is a result of the cooling effect of the evaporation of rainwater.
ZYGOPETALUMS CRAVE COOLER NIGHTS I have long loved zygopetalums with their bluish purple, green and bronze flowers and incredible fragrance, although they have tended to be very short-lived in my care. I have tried growing them in a wide variety of light conditions and potting mixes. Knowing that they like cooler conditions than we have in St. Augustine, I tried the old grower’s trick of growing them in sphagnum moss in a clay pot dropped in a second clay pot to keep them a little cooler from the water evaporating from the porous clay. They grew better, but still struggled. I was telling Fred Clarke of Sunset Valley Orchids my tale of woe and he told me to get them out of the greenhouse and under the shade of a tree. That provided a few extra degrees of nighttime cooling and the growth rate exploded over the summer. I was treated to more zygo blooms than ever before.
Understanding your plant’s metabolism gives insight into how best to grow it. Cooler nighttime temperatures allow your orchid to store, rather than consume the food it manufactured during the day. This stored energy can then be used by the plant to produce flowers. Next to insufficient light, insufficient day to night temperature change is the most likely cause of your orchid failing to bloom. If your plants are growing well and you are sure they are getting enough of the right kind of light, try dropping your night temperatures by a few degrees. You may be pleasantly surprised by the increase in flowers your plants produce. (November 2014, ORCHIDS, page 654.Reprinted with permission).
Greenhouse Chat with Ron McHatton
Thursday, November 7th @ 5:30-6:30 pm PST
Join Dr. Ron McHatton, AOS Chief Science Officer, as he answers your questions about all things orchid. He will discuss a variety of topics on orchid culture based on questions submitted by attendees. Please send your questions & pictures to Sandra Svoboda at email@example.com by Sun. 11/5. Remember to include pictures.
Everyone Welcome - Register Now
How to Buy and Grow Bulbophyllums
Tuesday, Nov. 12th - 5:30–6:30 pm PST
Members Only - Registration Page
Join Charles Wilson as he discusses the wonderful world of Bulbophyllums. He will show you the least- to the most nose-offensive in this very informative webinar!
WHAT ARE WEBINARS? Webinars are an internet conference where you can hear the speaker and view his presentation, ask questions, and hear interactions from other members of the audience. You can join either on your computer or by phone. You can join from anywhere, via your Mac, PC or even your mobile device. Audio is included, so attendees can phone in or use VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol). You will need a microphone for your computer to use VoIP.
It’s easy to find the scheduled webinars and to register on the AOS website www.aos.org. You’ll find the link under the All About Orchids tab.
WANT TO LEARN, BUT CAN’T MAKE THE DATE? The live webinars will be recorded and posted on the AOS website, where you will find a link allowing you to view the webinars at your convenience.
November & December
Growers of just about every level of expertise will have begun to notice autumn conditions by now. Days are becoming shorter, hence cooler; the sunlight has less intensity as a result of the sun's lowering angle, nights are longer and generally cooler. Plants are responding by slowing and ripening their growth in preparation for winter.
The first cultural change noticed should be a reduced frequency of watering, as the plants dry out more slowly. This is a function of both the reduced day length and lower temperatures, as well as the plants' slowing growth rate. Reduced water needs signal a reduced need for fertilization. Note that the key word is reduced, not eliminated. Feed less frequently and at lower dosage, but feed. Growths, made during summer's heat, and relatively soft and green, will be ripening -- hardening -- in preparation for a brief period of rest (in many cases).
Many of these ripening growths will have a sheath, presaging the coming winter or spring flowering season. In some cases, these sheaths will have been evident since as early as July. (Early sheath development does not mean early flowering on plants with winter-spring seasons.) You may notice that some of these sheaths are showing signs of yellowing. This is not abnormal. Autumn's more pronounced temperature fluctuation can lead to water condensation inside the sheath, hastening the normal process of senescence, so yellowing sheaths can be left on the plant only so long before they must be carefully removed to preserve the bud primordia within. Water condensation left unchecked can rot the bud primordia. The sheaths can be safely removed by slitting open and peeling down toward the pseudobulb.
One can almost hear a sigh of relief from all of the cool-growers, from masdevallias to odontoglossums. As day temperatures decline, one can see a noticeable improvement in these plants. Shorter days and lower light levels do not seem to bother them. Repot before winter arrives.
Finally we begin in earnest the main cymbidium season. Cymbidium ensifolium can give some early and fragrant hybrids, but it is now that the bulk of the crop will be flowering. The season lasts for about seven months, adding color to any collection. Miniature varieties will peak for the next three to four months. There are three important things to do: stake inflorescences ramrod straight for best presentation, watch for slugs and snails (especially just after a rain), and fertilize with a mild balanced formula regularly.
Oncidium crispum Complex
This is the season for plants in Oncidium section crispum from Brazil to shine. Extremely vigorous hybrids come in wide varieties of markings dominated with chestnut and brown and butter yellow. Give plants high light to produce strong upright inflorescences. The pseudobulbs should be plump, so do not let the plants dry out while they are in bloom. Later, plants will enter a dormant period.
The flowering season for the "toads" or "bulldog" paphs is just getting underway. These cannot be grown everywhere, but where cooler summer nights allow their growth, there is no longer-lasting or more exotic display than these. Paphiopedilums are, in general, not heavy feeders, and it is especially important with this type to reduce nitrogen levels now for best flowering and spike length. Be watchful for water accumulating in the growth around the sheath, or for the late-season warm spell, either of which can lead to the sheath's rotting. As the spikes emerge, do not change the orientation of the plant toward the light, as this can lead to a crooked or twisted spike.
While paphiopedilums rarely like to dry out entirely, water needs are significantly reduced beginning now. Overwatering at this time of year can quickly lead to root rot or erwinia problems. Now is the time to practice good sanitary practices in your greenhouse or growing areas, as pest and disease problems have a way of multiplying rapidly in the darker and more crowded conditions that generally mark the winter growing area. With paphiopedilums, especially, "cleanliness is next to godliness" and if the growing area is littered with old foliage, weeds and dying flowers, keeping the plants alive and flowering will be next to impossible.
Shortening days and cooler nights are the signals for inflorescence initiation in phalaenopsis. In more northern climates, or on the west coast, growers have already begun to see the early inflorescences that may be ready for Christmas. In the eastern areas, nights in the greenhouse will now be in the low to mid 60s, depending on the thermostat setting, so the first of our phalaenopsis will not begin to bloom until Valentine's Day at the earliest.
A reduction in nitrogen levels will go a long way to giving the best possible spiking, as will a boost in potassium and phosphorus. In other words, a "bloom booster"-type fertilizer is definitely indicated in the next few months. Disease and pest problems are best dealt with now, especially as mealybugs hide in the bracts and flower buds. Once they have established themselves, they are difficult to eradicate, and flower damage or crippling results. Potential disease problems can be dealt with by the application of a copper-based compound to control/alleviate rot problems before they start. There is nothing more frustrating than to have shepherded your plants through a growing season, only to have them decline before your eyes.
Whereas the general decline in temperatures is beneficial to cool-growing orchids, it is not for vandaceous plants. The only cold-hardy member is Neofinetia falcata. Orient your plants in such a way as to take advantage of as much light as possible. This can be a problem in northern latitudes. Reduce watering and feeding schedules.
The AOS thanks Ned Nash and James Rose for this essay.
Neofinetia falcata will thrive in cooler temps and produce graceful vanilla-scented flowers.
Please see the AOS event calendar at www.aos.org for the complete listing of events.
Nov 8-9 - Carmel Orchid Society Fall Orchid Festival, 9am-4pm
4590 Carmel Valley Road, Carmel
Dec 10 - SCOS Holiday Party instead of regular meeting.
Mar 27-29, 2020 - SCOS spring show - mark your calendars!
Open greenhouses are a great way for members to see how other members grow their orchids and to get to know fellow members. If you are willing to have an open greenhouse at your home, please contact June Maiden at firstname.lastname@example.org
Nov 8-9 - Carmel Orchid Society Fall Orchid Festival
Dec 10 - SCOS Holiday Party
Mar 13-15 - Santa Barbara Orchid Show
Mar 27-29 - SCOS Spring Show
Mark your calendars for March 27-29. We need all of you to participate to make this show a success.
The theme is Orchid Exploration. Alison found out that a garden club is offering a $1000 grant for educational shows. We can explore such aspects as how to grow orchids; where orchids grow in the world; conservation, etc.
Many chair positions are going to filled by those who did the jobs last year, but we need members to step up to fill these key positions:
The Board will discuss raising vendor booth fees.
We will send out an electronic postcard and ask members to forward to their contact list.
Sue Hayes needs strong boxes for the plant hotel.
The next planning meeting will be Thursday, 11/21 at 7pm at the home of Ann Shippey.
These are postcards from previous shows.
SCOS Spring Show Page
Here is link to see all photos -
Rathburn OPen Greenhouse
Highlights of 10/15/19 SCOS Board Meeting
In Attendance: Alison Bies-President, June Maiden-Vice President,
Ann Conger-Secretary, Karen Wofford-Treasurer, Billie MacCarthy-Membership,
Susan Anderson-Communications, Ann Shippey-Meetngs.
Vice President: June reported that the Rathbun's open greenhouse was very nice. In
November, Jonathon Robbins topic will be "Asking the right questions." In January,
Carol Klonowski will speak about cattleyas.
Treasurer: Karen reported balance of $23,298. The society made a profit of $1643. from the BBQ and auction. We are still short some funds to cover next year’s budget. The board will consider ideas for fund raising.
Membership: Billie reported that of the 114 members, 35 have not yet paid their dues.
Communications Director: Susan brought up the need to vote for the Marie Waskow award at the November meeting. She will bring ballots and it'll be in the newsletter.
Holiday Party: Billie is communicating with the venue. Susan will make the necessary changes to the flier and send it to Ann P. for the newsletter. Susan will work on obtaining the plants for the door prizes and silent auction. Nixy will be asked to provide the music.
board meeting highlights
SCOS board of directors
We could really use new board members. Start out by simply joining our fun group! We meet the third Thursday of each month. It’s fun volunteering! Or contact a board member if you are interested! Current board members will be glad to train you.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
President Alison Bies
Vice President June Maiden
Secretary Ann Conger
Treasurer Karen Wofford
Membership Billie MacCarthy
Ways & Means Haili Marshall
Dir. of Communications Susan Anderson
Dir. of Meetings Ann Shippey
AOS Rep (unofficial position) Lynne Murrell
Thanks to Billie MacCarthy and Susan Anderson for tackling the photo job with Ann P not being there.
Trichocentrum Florida Gold x splendid Dale Martin
Show & Tell Photos
Cattleya bowringiana - Earl Rathbun
Lc. Mary Elizabeth Bohn ‘Royal Flare’ Earl Rathbun
Stanhopea tigrina - Billie MacCarthy
Coelognye assamica - Judy Carney
Vanda Darwinara Charm ‘Bluebird’
New AOS book titled The American Orchid Society Guide to Culture by Mary Gerritsen. We have a limited supply of books for $22 including sales tax. The retail price is $24.95 plus shipping and handling so it's a good deal. Books will be available at the monthly meeetings.
Dale Martin has a few bags of all 3 sizes of Orchiata for sale for $30/bag including tax. To reserve bags, please contact Date Martin at email@example.com or call 707-762-0526.
Sizes are Classic (fine) #9
Power (medium) #5
Power+ (medium) #5a
GARDEN ART SUNCATCHERS:
Dazzling, colorful glass and porcelain flowers make a great addition to any garden, if not for yourself, as a one-of-a-kind gift, (made from re-purposed plates). To see pictures of individual pieces, contact Billie MacCarthy at any SCOS meeting, Email or call 707.303.6867